Since the early prehistoric period, Olympus has been  the centre of Greek mythology and philosophy, which attempts to interpret the historical events and represents the exploration of the ancient Greek spirit up to the present. What is more, the holy mountain and the area near it, has been connected with many events that played a decisive role on Greece’s future, from the antiquity to the Second World War.

The first Greek tribes moved from the area of Olympus, where they were located, towards all over the Greek mainland during the 2nd millennium B.C, having the cultural identity, attributed to them during the Mycenean period (end of 2nd mill. B.C.), diffusing the myths for gods and genealogies all over Greece.  The first Greek tribes arrived in the area around Olympus in the period between 2300 – 1900 B.C., where they established several settlements and afterwards moved on to southern Greece. One of the Aeolic tribes, Lapithes, made Aenianes- who lived in north-western Thessaly -and Parevi- who lived in the area of Elassona-, retreat to the area of Olympus. Aenianes and Perevoi, having Kyfos as their capital, took part in the Trojan War under the same leader. Perevi spoke aeolic, a dialect spoken by the first Greek tribes, which was formed in Northern Thessaly and Macedonia before 1900 B.C. Aenianes left the olympic area around 1200 B.C and immigrated to Northern Epirus, at the plain of Aoos river.