Azoros is built at an altitude of 520m and is identified with ancient Azoros, one of the towns of the Perraivic Tripolitida. It was named after the helmsman of Argo, Azoros, who took part in the Argonautic expedition. During the years of Turkish rule, the village was a dependency of the Monastery of Olympiotissa.
Livithra was as ancient city situated at the foot of Mt. Olympus. The city was completely destroyed due to an overflow of Sys river which archaeologists estimate coincides with today’s Ziliana stream, in the gorge of Kanala. Archaeological excavations have revealed parts of the wall, the acropolis, tombs, house floors, coins and statuettes. Tradition has it that Leivithra is the place where the mythical musician Orpheus died.
Approaching the archaeological site of Livithra is challenging and it is therefore accessible only on foot and through a magnificent plain tree forest (a declared natural monument) on the side of Leptokarya.
The theater of Dion was built during the Hellenistic years, on the same premises of a rudimentary theater built during the reign of Archelaos (5th century b.C.) The seat rows were made of brick and the floor of the orchestra was made of beaten earth, while the stage and the backstage were made of marble. The theater was deserted near the end of the 2nd century BC. Today, the historical theater has been renovated with modern seats and is utilized for cultural events and the Olympus Festival.
The Archaeological Museum of Dion, inaugurated in 1983, offers a thorough picture of the daily life and culture of the inhabitants of ancient Dion, from the Iron Age (1000-700 BC) to the early Christian centuries. The exhibits originate from the archaeological area of Dion and the wider area of Pieria. The three rooms of the museum feature grouped exhibits such as statues, tomb sculptures, architectural members, inscriptions, vessels, mosaics, coins and other items found mainly in the wider area of Dion. In the spacious ground floor, there are findings from the Roman baths and the sanctuaries of Demeter and Isis. The visitor can also admire an exquisite finding dating to the 1st century BC, a unique musical instrument of antiquity, the famous hydraulis (water organ) of Dion, brought to light during archaeological excavations in 1992. The bronze tubes of the instrument and the entire sound-producing system have survived.
The archaeological site of Dion is one Greece’s most significant regions, as it is rich in antiquities, featuring streams gushing through ancient stones, a swift-water river Vafiras and lush vegetation with shady trees. A visit to the monumental ruins of Dion which belong to the Hellenistic,Roman and early Christian periods, is not only a visit to the historical past of a Macedonian city with an excellent, grid-like city plan of horizontal and vertical roads; it is also a trip of recreation through an archaeological park surrounded by natural beauty.
The excavations in Azoros began in October 1995. The wall, unearthed by the excavations, is one of a kind as polygonal stones were used for its construction. In the same spot, the tomb of a woman holding a baby was, also, discovered. Aside of tombs, other findings brought to light were public buildings and an important Byzantine cemetery with a cross-shaped church. Kastri peak, just above the excavation area, was the acropolis of the ancient city. Two Paleo-Christian basilicas have been found, one at the acropolis of Agios Athanasios and the other, dating back to the 7th century, at Palaiokklisi.