Following Ε4 and leaving behind Palaia Moni, the monastery of Agios Dionysios, we reach Holly Cave, the saint’s hermitage, visited by many pilgrims within a year.
Ithakisios grotto. In this rock cavity, at a height of 1,680 metres lived before the war for 20 summers, the painter Vasilis Ithakisios who died in 1977 in a nursing home in Athens. He lived from the paintings of the landscapes of the worshiped mountain which he sold to the mountaineers.
One of the routes towards the Megala Kazania sets off from Kokkinoplos, one of the highest in altitude villages of Mt. Olympus (1.150 meters). Once there, one can follow the dirt road towards Xerolaki which leads to the Naoum caves. These are pit-caves formed on the mountain’s slopes, which can be used as emergency shelters during severe weather.
The suspension bridge of Tempi leads the visitors of this picturesque valley to the country church of Agia Paraskevi, which welcomes hundreds of worshippers everyday. The imposing beauty of the setting alternates each season throughout the year.
At the western plateaus of Olympus, close to Pithio village, two small chapels are preserved inside caves which were ascetic dwellings of anchorite monks. Murals dating back to the 14th century are still evident on the walls.